Tuesday, March 30, 2010

Historians Gain Own Search Engine

BBC News (03/23/10) Ward, Mark

European researchers are developing a project that will link up separate databases of source materials and allow academics or public citizens to search all the collections from one site. The project, called Connected History, will index digitized books, newspapers, manuscripts,
genealogical records, maps, and images that date from 1500 to 1900. Currently there are several electronic resources that universities and commercial providers have created, but they are all separate and some require subscriptions. "What we are trying to do is join them up to create an integrated search facility so you do not have to conduct more searches than necessary," says University of Sheffield professor Robert Shoemaker. Much of the work that goes into the Connected History project will be tagging and annotating entries so classification systems are
standardized. To date, 12 institutions have signed up to contribute their collections, including the University of Sheffield, the Institute of Historical Research, the University of Hertfordshire, and King's College, London.


Monday, March 29, 2010

Empires of Science, 9-10 April @ Huntington

Empires of Science in the Long Nineteenth Century
9-10 April @ Huntington Library
Register by 2 April 2010

Empires of Science in the Long Nineteenth Century
This international conference explores the relationship during the long nineteenth century between rapidly developing science and technology and the expansion of territorial empires, exploring issues such as: How was science actually practiced on national and imperial frontiers? What role did science and technology play in the development of political and intellectual empires? What influence did governments and scientific institutions have in creating, regulating, and disseminating scientific research and practice within empire?

Friday, April 9, 2010
8:30 Registration & Coffee

9:30 Welcome Robert C. Ritchie (The Huntington)
Remarks Nigel Rigby (National Maritime Museum)

Session 1 Networks of Empire
Moderator: Nigel Rigby

Crosbie Smith (University of Kent)
Energies of Empire: The Making of Long Distance Ocean Steamships in the
mid-Nineteenth Century

John McAleer (National Maritime Museum)
Stargazers at the Worlds End: Observatories, Telescopes, and Views of
Empire in the Nineteenth-Century British World

12:00 Lunch

Session 2 Mapping Space
Moderator: Kathryn Olesko (Georgetown University)

John Rennie Short (University of Maryland, Baltimore County)
Cartographic Encounters on the Nineteenth-Century United States Western

Michael Reidy (Montana State University)
From Oceans to Mountains: The Spatial Construction of Empire

Session 3 Natural History
Moderator: Robert C. Ritchie

Janet Browne (Harvard University)
Nature on Display: Collecting and Showing Natural History Specimens in the
Age of Empire

Daniel Headrick (Roosevelt University)
Botany in the Dutch and British Colonial Empires

Saturday, April 10, 2010
9:00 Registration & Coffee

Session 4 Imperial Spaces
Moderator: Adam R. Shapiro (University of Wisconsin, Madison)

Daniela Bleichmar (University of Southern California)
Rediscovering the New World: Spanish Imperial Science, ca. 1780-1810

Lewis Pyenson (Western Michigan University)
Two Incarnations of Athena: Scientists in the Service of lebensraum in the
Nineteenth Century in the United States, Argentina, and Russia

12:00 Lunch

Session 5 Science and Colonial Identities
Moderator: Warren Dym (Bucknell University)

Saul Dubow (University of Sussex)
British Imperialism, Settler Colonialism, and Scientific Thought in the
Nineteenth-Century Cape

Lina del Castillo (Iowa State University)
The Gran Colombian Cartography Project, 1821-1830

Session 6 Institutions and Imperial Science
Moderator: Daniel Headrick

Rebekah Higgitt (National Maritime Museum)
Exporting Greenwich: The Royal Observatory as a Model for Imperial

Max Jones (University of Manchester)
Heroes of Empire? Geographical Societies, the Media, and the Promotion of

Wednesday, March 3, 2010

Call for Papers, ASU Science and Governance Conference, April 25-26

April 25-26, 2010
Arizona State University

Call for Papers

The Consortium for Science, Policy & Outcomes at Arizona State University invites participation at Science and Governance: Global and Comparative Perspectives, a workshop to be held April 25-26, 2010, at ASU’s Tempe, AZ, campus. Over the past three decades, science and technology have rapidly globalized, contributing to a wide range of novel policy challenges and controversies. Despite this transformation, S&T policy competence remains, in the US and elsewhere, largely national in focus and orientation. Remarkably little attention is paid to the ways in which science and technology cross-borders and the resulting social, political, and economic ramifications; cross-national differences in S&T policy institutions, framings, cultures, and contexts; or the distribution of risks, benefits, and social dislocations associated with the globalization of science and technology. Equally missing is significant attention to the rapidly emerging sites of transnational governance of scientific research and technological systems, from climate change and geoengineering to infectious diseases and nuclear weapons proliferation.

Science and Governance: Global and Comparative Perspectives will bring together the world’s leading researchers pursuing comparative and global research in science and technology policy. We are especially interested in papers that explore:

·         National similarities and differences in policymaking, understood as processes of problem-solving and culturally variable mechanisms for framing issues, creating new social roles and identities, distributing risks and benefits, and co-producing forms of knowledge and social life.

·         Cultural differences in ethics, public values, and epistemic frameworks that influence national approaches to the governance of S&T. Understanding the sources, expressions, and policy consequences of these normative and philosophical differences is vital to understanding policy dynamics in diverse political contexts and how they shape the globalization of S&T.

·         Cross-national controversies and breakdowns in international regulatory systems, e.g., with respect to public resistance to GM foods, trade disputes at the World Trade Organization, ethics of stem cells, and environmental accounting. Controversies and breakdowns underscore the need to examine the institutional and cultural contexts of policymaking, particularly through comparative analysis across diverse technological sectors, policy environments, and institutional cultures.

Interested researchers are requested to submit an abstract by March 15, 2010 to clark.miller@asu.edu or to Clark Miller, CSPO, Arizona State University, PO Box 875603, Tempe, AZ 85287-5603. Abstracts should be 500-1000 words and include the names and affiliations of all authors; contact information (email, phone, fax, and address) for the lead author; and an indication of whether travel funds will be needed to attend the workshop.